Primary Classroom

Ms. Landon Bagby and Ms. Kenna Tuggle

Landon Bagby

Children in the primary age group are endowed with what Maria Montessori calls the absorbent mind. The child’s absorbent mind allows everything in their environment to absorbed 
and learned with ease. This is nature’s gift to humans. During this time the child is absorbing, language, movement, culture, customs, and so much more. During this time Dr. Montessori also states that the child goes through various sensitive periods (spikes in focused attention) that help help them create specific characteristics and traits (such as language acquisition and movement). These sensitive periods only exist during this first plane of development. Because the child is absorbing everything around him/her to create him/herself it is of the utmost importance to provide them with the perfect and prepared environment to learn and grow.


Dr. Montessori talks about providing children of all ages with a prepared environment that suits all of their needs throughout each plane of development. The primary prepared environment allows the child to move freely about the classroom choosing where to work, what to work on, and who to work with. This freedom allows the child to begin making choices based on his/her needs. The child of 3-6 is undergoing tremendous  physical growth and development and this freedom of movement throughout the classroom allows the child to follow their natural inclination to move about during the day. The environment also consists of a mixed age group with children ages 3-6. This aids the child in developing social skills, leadership skills, and the ability to work and learn from his/her peers. 

A Primary Montessori classroom has four main areas: practical life, sensorial, language, and math.  

Practical life:

The practical life area is made up of simple ordinary tasks that are done to establish and maintain order and hygiene as well as to build social relationships. Materials in the practical life area are authentic and relate to the culture of the children. This area of the classroom is filled with dressing frames (to practice buttoning, lacing, snaps, buckles, etc.), hand washing materials, and other essential “how to” materials that give the child the opportunity to learn how to take care of oneself and one’s environment (such as nose blowing, table washing, pouring water, flower arranging, and more!). Practical life is the basis for everything that is to come (other areas in classroom and life!). Dr. Montessori says of the practical life area, “Activities here build on the child’s natural interest and help him develop good work habits, concentration, eye-hand coordination, a lengthened attention span, and control of his body” (Secret of Childhood).


Maria Montessori believed that nothing comes to the intellect without first being in the senses. The sensorial area of the primary classroom is filled with materials that help the child to develop the ability order and classify information through touching, feeling, seeing, listening, smelling, and exploring their environment.  


The Montessori environment is full of many opportunities for the child to explore and acquire language. The child is exposed to stories, poetry, songs, and everyday conversations that allow for rich language to be absorbed.
Sandpaper letters are used to show child to each letter linked with its sound so he/she has an easy time writing and reading later on. Once the child knows how to read, basic grammar is introduced.


The mathematics area of the primary classroom allows the child to explore by manipulating concrete materials. This concreate work allows the child to have a firm understanding of basic concepts (counting, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) and allows them to abstract these concepts later in his/her learning.

Primary Classroom Newsletters

Care of the Environment: Table Washing
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